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Demographic dividends

Par Zyad Limam - Publié en janvier 2022

In 2100, that is to say in a little more than seventy years, which is not much in the scale of human history, and which is not that far for the children born today, 40% of the Earth's population will be African. By that time, we will be around 4 billion (3 billion of which will be in sub-Saharan Africa alone) for a global earth population of 8 to 9 billion.

Nigeria will have nearly 700 million residents. And Niger will have around 200 million! Africa will then be, with the Middle East, an exception, as all other regions of the world will see their population decrease or stabilize. China could return to 1 billion inhabitants’ level (less than its population in 2021). Some countries, such as Japan or Russia, Italy and even Spain, could lose 40% to 50% of their population. The United States would then be just over 400 million people in a country that is heavily “racially” mixed, and with a "white" minority.

These figures, and their staggering implications for the world order, internal political and social balances, should surely be taken with caution. They are based on mathematical models. And 2100 remains a very distant...

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